Percutaneous treatment of hydatid cyst, also known as percutaneous aspiration, injection, and re-aspiration (PAIR), is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat hydatid cysts in various organs, most commonly in the liver and lungs. Hydatid cysts are caused by the larval stage of the Echinococcus tapeworm, and they can lead to significant health issues if left untreated.
The PAIR procedure aims to kill the parasites and reduce the size of the cyst, which can alleviate symptoms and prevent complications such as cyst rupture or dissemination of the larvae. However, it is important to note that the PAIR procedure is not always curative, especially for larger or complex cysts. In some cases, additional treatments, such as surgery or medical therapy, may be necessary to completely eradicate the cyst.
The choice of treatment for hydatid cysts, including the PAIR procedure, depends on several factors, such as the size and location of the cyst, the patient's overall health, and the expertise of the medical team. Patients should be closely monitored after the procedure to ensure the effectiveness of the treatment and to manage any potential complications.