Neck carotid artery stenosis refers to the narrowing of the carotid arteries in the neck, which are major blood vessels that supply oxygenated blood to the brain.
Stenosis occurs when plaque buildup or fatty deposits accumulate on the artery walls, reducing blood flow to the brain. This condition can increase the risk of stroke if a blood clot forms and blocks the narrowed artery. Treatment may involve lifestyle changes, medication, or procedures like carotid endarterectomy or carotid artery stenting to improve blood flow and prevent complications. Regular monitoring is essential to manage the condition effectively.