Tongue cancer is the most common type of cancer among oral cancers, usually occurring on the undersurface, sides or back of the tongue.
Symptoms of tongue cancer may include pain in the tongue, difficulty swallowing, swelling of the tongue, white and red spots on the tongue, and pain in the ear.
Causes of tongue cancer include smoking, alcohol consumption, HPV infection, lack of oral hygiene, frequent consumption of spicy foods and genetic factors.
Treatment for tongue cancer may vary depending on the type of cancer, its spread and the patient's general health. Treatment options may include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy.
Some cancer types exist in different places in the body, and tongue cancer is one of them. It is also called oral cancer and means the cancerous malignant cells around the tongue along with the surface.
It can occur partially or may affect the whole tongue, which differs from patient to patient but the most known and common form is called squamous cell carcinoma.
In this article, we will take a closer look at tongue cancer, treatment options, risk factors, and more additional information in general.
Certain causes of cancer including tongue cancer are not fully known, but some factors can increase the risk, such as:
Early detection and diagnosis are important to learn about tongue cancer and decide the proper treatment. Symptoms may vary from patient to patient but generally can be listed as:
The treatment options for tongue cancer might differ from patient to patient, the situation and health of the patient, the stage of cancer, and the size & location of the tumor. Some combined treatments can be applied but the options including:
The suitable treatment option would be shaped according to the course of the cancer, the situation of the patient, medical history, and more.
Recovery and rehabilitation are essential after tongue cancer treatment to make patients’ physical and mental needs easier. These can be helpful tips:
Prevention and risk reduction strategies for tongue cancer include various options. Even though it is not possible to prevent the whole case, some habits can help you with prevention: