Skin cancer is a type of cancer caused by the uncontrolled growth and proliferation of skin cells. Under normal conditions, skin cells grow, divide and die in a certain order. Some factors, especially unprotected and prolonged exposure to sunlight, can interfere with this pattern and skin cells may start to grow abnormally. Over time, these abnormal cells can become cancerous and spread to surrounding tissues.
Skin cancer can occur anywhere on the skin, but is more common in exposed areas that are usually exposed to sunlight.
Early diagnosis and treatment of skin cancer can increase the chances of success and prevent complications. Therefore, it is important for people with symptoms of skin cancer to consult a doctor immediately.
Some forms of cancer exist and they can take place at any location in the body - skin is one of them. It is one of the most common types of cancer in the world, caused by ultraviolet (UV radiation), high sun exposure, etc.
Types of skin cancer are different from each other and depend on the situation of the patient. It is the same for the symptoms.
In this article, we will take a look at skin cancer and skin cancer treatment, risk factors, types of skin cancer, and more.
The causes of skin cancer are various, but the main reason is mostly being exposed to high ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Sun overexposure may also be a cause since being exposed to the constant sun is harmful to the skin.
Also, artificial light sources such as tanning beds are considered not suitable for the skin and can cause skin cancer since the UV is harmful.
Besides, having fair skin means that you’re sensitive to the sun or harmful UV light. You should be more careful since they cause skin damage easily.
As mentioned previously, the types of skin cancer are different from each other but here are the most known three:
Symptoms and early detection of skin cancer mean that you need to observe your skin regularly. Most of them are visible such as changes in the moles - they may change their shape and can be asymmetric. The colors can be changed along with the size growth. Some can become sensitive to touch.
You can consult a dermatologist when you realize any abnormal changes or skin changes.
Diagnosis generally starts with a physical examination by the dermatologist. They can look at the affected areas such as moles, growths, etc. Some medical instruments can be used for further examination. A biopsy can be performed as well. After the biopsy and pathologic examination, the stage of skin cancer can be decided by the international-accepted system.
It is essential to stage the cancer so that the treatment can be decided and shaped.
The treatment options for skin cancer depend on some factors such as the type, stage, age, gender, location and growth and size of cancer, etc. But generally, these options are used for treatment: