In Ekol Hospitals Chest Diseases Department, polyclinic procedures, respiratory function tests, allergy tests, bronchoscope procedures and modern treatment methods for the diagnosis of all lung diseases are applied by the experienced and expert staff in their field with the latest approaches.
Pulmonary diseases belong to a group of conditions that affect the respitatory system and one of our most vital organs - the lungs. Lungs are in charge of exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air and bloodstream. It’s a regular order, and when this order is disturbed, problems and diseases occur.
The bronchoscopy unit is a medical studying area that specializes om bronchoscopy procedures. This studying area focuses on airways and lungs. It plays an essential role while the diagnosis and treatment of lung disorders.
To diagnose, a flexible medical instrument called a bronchoscope is used by professionals. Generally, these three types of diseases are researched in the bronchoscopy unit:
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic and continuous lung disease that affects the air passages - making breathing harder for the patient. When the bronchi are blocked, breathing becomes difficult. Almost all obstructive lung diseases stem from this blockage.
COPD is mostly generated by smoking and heavy smoking. The factors can be listed like these:
In some rare cases, a mutation of a certain protein may be the reason for COPD.
The disease range of allergic lung diseases is wide. However, the diagnosis and treatment process is almost the same and may differ in specific cases:
During the treatment, some medications such as anti-allergens are prescribed to prevent allergens to trigger your symptoms.
Chronic cough is a continual cough that lasts for more than 2-3 months. Chronic cough may refer to other underlying diseases or conditions, and an important sign. It affects the quality of life. The potential reasons can be listed as:
Pneumonia means an infection that caused the lungs to fill with fluid. Infections can be caused by viruses, fungal factors, and bacteria. The severity of pneumonia can range from light to severe. The risk of pneumonia is high in patients that have weak immune systems.
The symptoms can be listed as:
The treatment of pneumonia depends on the severity of the disease. Different medications and supportive lifestyle changes are essential during the treatment.
Pleurisy or pleuritis is a disease caused by inflammation in the pleura - which is a membrane that lines both the inside and outside of our lungs. It can be caused by:
Chest pain is the most common and visible sign of pleurisy, and can be worsened by coughing, sneezing, or any breath-related movement. Fever may also be seen since infections can cause it.
Sarcoidosis is a chronic disease that can affect various organs in the body - mostly the lungs. The exact reason for sarcoidosis is unknown, but its believed that it is an abnormal immune response of the body, and may be genetics.
The symptoms of this disease include fatigue, chronic cough, chest, and joint pain. However, it is mostly hard to diagnose sarcoidosis. It requires detailed research of medical and medication history, blood & scanning, and biopsy.
Pneumothorax is a disease that means the escape of air in the lungs. This air escapes to the outside, mostly to the space between our lungs and chest wall. This causes difficulty during breathing and chest pain. There is 4 type of pneumothorax, and they have common symptoms:
To diagnose, physical examinations, blood and gas tests are used - along with the scans. The treatment is generally shaped according to the symptoms. It is important to have an early diagnosis and treatment for pneumothorax.
Pulmonary embolism (PE) happens when the blood clot travels through the bloodstream and squashes into the pulmonary arteries - causing the blockage of blood to the lung. It is considered a serious disease.
The most common cause of PE is deep vein thrombosis - DVT. Other factors can be listed as:
The symptoms are various. but can be listed as:
The diagnosis and treatment are generally shaped according to the patient’s needs. Blood and scanning must be done, and treatment should be watched carefully.
Respiratory physiotherapy or pulmonary rehabilitation is a medical studying area that focuses on improving the functionality of the respiratory system. It aims for relieving the patients’ conditions by using different and effective techniques. These techniques are:
The respiratory functions test is set that includes learning the capacity of the respiratory system of the patient. They are providing needed information about the lungs and the overall situation of respiratory health.
During the tests, the instructions are provided by the professionals. These tests are mostly light, however, some patients may feel discomfort which would end after the tests.
Smoking addiction is a type of addiction that comes first to mind when we talk about the pulmonary diseases. Quitting smoking is essential and the most effective method to reduce the risk of these diseases.
Reducing and quitting smoking addiction, in the end, may be challenging because of the nicotine, but you can seek professional mental and physical help from certain facilities. Quitting smoking helps prevent and reduce those pulmonary diseases.
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that shows itself by progressive interruptions of breathing while sleeping. These apneas -interruptions- occur when the muscles that are in the back of the throat dysfunctioning by failing the keeping air passages open.
Sleep apnea can be seen in all ages - but is mostly seen in older adults and overweight people. The most common symptom is loud and progressive snoring which can cause discomfort for both patient and their families. Therefore, it is important to seek professional help to treat sleep apnea.