Thanks to an experienced team, our neurology unit offers a coordinated service along with our other units for all functional disorders involving the nervous system, for all diseases requiring surgical treatment, and it offers a wide range of treatments.
EMG or Electromyography is a procedure applied to understand the condition of muscles and the nerve cells that control the muscles, namely motor neurons. These motor neurons carry electric signals and in that way, muscles in the body can contract.
In this procedure, these electrical signals are turned into graphics, sounds, and numerical values to be analyzed by an expert. If your doctor sees some symptoms of muscle disorders like tingling, muscle pain or cramping, or numbness, he or she may ask you to have an EMG. EMG is known as a low-risk procedure and complications are rarely seen.
Electroencephalography (EEG) is a test that records electric activity in the brain. In this test, electrodes are used and attached to the scalp. It is a painless procedure and performed under the supervision of a medical expert, a clinical neurophysiologist. Electroencephalography is used to monitor different conditions affecting the brain. It is mainly used to diagnose epilepsy but the test also can diagnose:
There are some types of EEG which are: ambulatory EEG, video telemetry, Invasive EEG-telemetry, sleep deprive EEG, and routine EEG.
Brain vascular diseases or cerebrovascular diseases are the conditions that affect blood flow to your brain. These conditions are stroke, brain bleeding, carotid artery disease, and brain aneurysm. It is a common term that is used to describe the conditions that impact blood vessels in the brain. It is an emergency as the brain cells die very fast without blood flow and that causes death or disability.
Some symptoms of brain vascular disease are:
Treatment depends on the patient’s condition. Surgery may be needed, if the patient’s blood vessels are blocked severely.
Headache is a sort of pain that occurs in any part of the head. There are many types of headaches. The most known types are:
If headaches become chronicle and disturb your personal life and daily life activities, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.
Epilepsy is a chronic but nontransmissible brain disease. It can affect people at any age. It is a very common disease around the world with several 50 million people suffering from it. The main symptom of epilepsy is seizures that occur frequently. Seizures sometimes can cause loss of consciousness. Some other symptoms of epilepsy can be lined up as below:
Treatment may stop epilepsy seizures or reduce them. The ketogenic diet, anti-epileptic drugs, and surgery are including epilepsy treatment. Epilepsy mostly is life-long but treatment can help to increase life quality.
The peripheral nervous system is the place where the information from the brain is sent to the body parts. The peripheral nervous system is the rest of the nervous system excluding the brain and spinal cord. Type 2 diabetes, leprosy, congenital and genetic conditions, traumas, and tumors may affect here.
Central nervous system diseases like Parkinson's and dystonia are the results of damage to the brain and spinal cord.
Some symptoms of central nervous system diseases are chronic headaches, pain in the back, pain in the arms, and slurred speech. The result of damage here also causes stroke, infection, or brain tumor.
Neuropathic ache is a condition that occurs when your nervous system is damaged or not working properly. Diabetes is responsible for about 30 percent of the cases. Alcoholism and shingles can cause neuropathic aches as well. Some symptoms of neuropathic aches are:
There are different treatments for neuropathic aches. Treatment for underlying disease,(Like removing a tumor pressing the nerve) provides pain relief and improves life quality. Some anti-seizure drugs like Gabapentin and Topiramate are used in the meditation treatment of neuropathic aches. Topical treatments; creams or ointment can be used on the painful parts of the body as well.
Muscle diseases or neuromuscular disorders are conditions that are affected by damaged nerves in the muscles. Muscles have neurons and the brain sends electric signals to control the muscles. A muscle disease can disrupt the brain’s ability to control the muscles.
Some muscle diseases are:
Weakness in the muscles causes trouble with movement and speech in ALS.
The immune system attacks peripheral nerves and it affects the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves.
Most cases start in childhood and cause decreased muscle tone in the arms and legs.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a condition that causes several potential symptoms like vision problems, and elimination of movement in the arms and the legs. It can affect the brain and spinal cord. Multiple sclerosis is a lifelong condition and can be mild but can be dangerous as well and cause serious disability.
The main symptoms of multiple sclerosis can be lined up as below:
No cure for MS but some treatment methods can reduce the symptoms. It is also important that you take care of your general health.
Sleeping disorders are conditions that occur during your sleep and prevent you from having quality sleep. You may sometimes have some sleeping problems in your life. However sleeping disorders are different from that. If you have difficulty sleeping very often and if you believe you slept well but feel fired all day, if your performance is reduced in daily life activities, you may have a least one of the sleeping disorders.
Some of the most common sleeping disorders are:
You should see a doctor when these disorders start reducing your life quality.
Dizziness or vertigo is a condition that makes you feel as if your surroundings are moving. Migraine, head or neck injuries, medications, and infections are among the causes of dizziness. There are two different types of vertigo:
Parkinson’s disease is a condition that affects the nervous system and the body parts that are controlled by the nervous system. In Parkinson’s disease, symptoms start slowly. A tremor on the one hand might be the first syndrome. In the beginning, the patient’s arm may not swing while walking. Symptoms can change from person to person. Some common symptoms and signs of Parkinson’s disease are:
The reasons for the disease are unknown but factors like genes and environment may be important.
Dementia is a term that is used to describe a group of symptoms. These symptoms affect memory and social abilities badly. Dementia can affect the daily life activities of the patient. One reason for memory loss might be dementia, but it is not the only reason.
A disease, named Alzheimer's is the most common reason for dementia in older ages. You should see a doctor when one of your loved ones has memory problems and some other symptoms. Some other types of dementia are:
A Brain tumor is an uncontrolled growth of cells in the brain or near the brain. If a brain tumor starts in the brain, it is called a primary brain tumor. It starts somewhere else in the body and spread to the brain, it is a secondary brain tumor.
A spinal tumor is an abnormal growth of cells in the spinal column. Spinal tumors can be cancerous or benign, not cancerous.
In the brain and spinal cord, there can be infections as well as tumors. They occur when bacteria, fungi, or viruses invade the brain or spinal cord tissues.