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Hematuria Symptoms and Treatment. It is a disturbing situation to see blood in the urine. There might be a lot of reasons for that such as infection, kidney disease, and vigorous exercise. In most cases, it could be harmless to your health. If you see blood with the naked eye, it is called “gross hematuria”, if the blood is seen only with the help of microscopic tools, it is called “microscopic hematuria”.
In both cases, either you have gross hematuria or microscopic hematuria, you should not ignore it and should see a medical expert as soon as you realize or doubt the blood in your urine. The doctor will see it and administer treatment according to your situation immediately.
In this article, we will focus on what blood in urine, Hemeaturia, means and what are the causes of hematuria. You can also read about the symptoms of hematuria and how blood in urine is treated.
What Is Blood in Urine (Hematuria)?
Hematuria, blood in urine is a common disease that is seen in two types. Gross hematuria is the less common type which means blood is seen by the naked eye in urine. Microscopic hematuria is only found with the help of a microscope during a urine test in a lab.
If you doubt you have blood in your urine, do not panic and see a doctor as soon as possible. Yes, do not panic, there might be many reasons for that blood in your urine most of which might be harmless. However, do not neglect your situation and take a precaution whatever the reason. It is hard to say the reason behind urine color change, the best thing to do is to see your doctor as we mentioned before. By doing so, even if your case is risky, you will have found an opportunity for early treatment
What Are The Causes of Hematuria?
Hematuria, the presence of blood in urine, can stem from various factors. It may arise due to urinary tract infections, kidney stones, bladder or kidney infections, or underlying medical conditions.
Some of the causes of hematuria can be explained shortly as below:
- Bladder infection: You have an infection in a part of your urinary system. It is known as a bladder infection or urinary tract infection UTI).
- Cystitis: It means you have an inflammation in the bladder which can have infectious or non-infectious causes.
- Urinary stones: If kidney stones, bladder stones, or ureteral stones are found in your urinary system, these are the causes of hematuria.
- Menstruation: It is the condition of the blood seen in urine during your period.
- Sickle cell disease: This is a condition that affects your red blood cells.
- Kidney disease: Chronic kidney disease might be the reason for hematuria.
The reasons for the blood seen in the urine for the female urination system and blood in the urine for the male urination system may be different. However, you should visit your medical provider to make sure the blood in the urine doesn’t indicate cancer.
What Are The Symptoms of Hematuria?
Hematuria, the presence of blood in the urine, often presents with obvious symptoms that require attention. Some of the symptoms of hematuria can be lined up as below:
Visible blood: Urine may appear pink, red, or brown.
Colorless urine: There may be changes in urine color.
Pain: There may be a feeling of discomfort in the abdomen, back, or groin areas while urinating.
Frequent urination: Increased urge to urinate.
Urgency: The sudden and compelling need to urinate.
Fever and chills: Indicates a potential risk of infection.
Fatigue: Unexplained tiredness or weakness.
If you experience any of these symptoms, you may need to consult a healthcare professional to ensure that hematuria is properly evaluated, diagnosed, and managed appropriately.
How Is Blood in Urine Treated?
The management of blood in the urine, known as hematuria, depends on identifying the underlying cause. Some treatment methods can be listed as follows:
Urinary tract infection (UTI): Antibiotics are prescribed to fight the infection and relieve hematuria.
Enlarged prostate: To reduce an enlarged prostate, the use of medications that address the root cause is recommended.
Bladder or kidney stones: It may be necessary to use sound waves to break up the stones. It is used to control hematuria caused by stone-related problems.
Observation: In some cases, a wait-and-see approach may prevail, as it may resolve without active treatment.
After receiving treatment, it is recommended that you have a post-treatment evaluation with your healthcare provider to confirm that there is no blood in the urine. Comprehensive awareness of the various treatment modalities for hematuria highlights the importance of definitive diagnosis, customized intervention, and careful post-treatment monitoring for optimal urinary health.