Periodontology is a specialty of a dentistry that is interested in form of soft and hard tissues which encircle the teeth and diseases occured in this tissues and their treatment.
The gums compose the substructure of our mouth and teeth. Healthy gums are in rose-pink color and they encircle the teeth. If your gums are unhealthy, even you have not caries, one day you may loose your teeth.
The gums are may be in poor health. The main reason of this is bad oral hygiene and calculus. Besides gums can have the first symptoms of some diseases. For example, leucemia.
How calculus form?
The food residues combine with minerals in saliva and they form lime layer around teeth and gums. These lime layers are soft in beginning but they quickly turn into hard layers. You can not remove them by brushing your teeth. But your dentist removes it without damaging your teeth with correct ultrasonic equipment that designed for tooth cleaning.
Does tartar cleaning damage the teeth?
This is the frequently asked question to dentists, due to this question “is the tooth emanel scratched during the cleaning?” or “does the cleaning have to be repeated regularly?” quesitions are asked. The answer is no. Tartar cleaning do not harm teeth. Even, it is the most beneficial, cheap, most convinient process. Additionally, to make a regular cleaning may also help to prevent many oral-dental problems.
What are the symptoms of gingivits?
Healthy gingiva do not bleed. You should contact your dentist immediately if you have a bleeding in gingiva without any reason or while brushing your teeth, eating hard food.
Gingivits are treated by dentists with tartar cleaning.
Moderate Periodontitis are treated by gingivits diseases specialist with making curretage-root surface flatten.
How we brush our teeth?
There are many ways to brush your teeth. Consult to your dentist for more appropriate brushing. However, there is an example of frequently recommended method. (manuel toothbrushes are used)
First Step: For clearing the exterior surface to teeth you must close up your toothbrush with a 45 degree angle to the gum line. Brush your teeth by moving your toothbrush forward-backward with short and soft touch
Second Step: Use the same method to clean inside and chewing of your teeth
Third Step: For cleaning the interior surfaces of front teeth, hold the toothbrush upright and brush your teeth up and down softly.
Fourth Step: Do not forget to brush your gum line, be sure to reach the rearmost tooth. In the same time brush your tounge. This will help to keep your breath fresh.